juliagazdag:

huffingtonpost:

Remember #BringBackOurGirls? This Is What Has Happened In The 5 Months Since
On the night of April 14, 2014, hundreds of schoolgirls at the Chibok boarding school in northeastern Nigeria awoke to the sound of gunfire. They saw men in camouflage approaching and thought soldiers were coming to save them from a militant attack, according to survivors’ accounts.

THANK YOU.
radiopaedia:

Is this calcified plaque at the right carotid bifurcation causing stenosis?

ANSWER: http://goo.gl/kX8EQ8
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Cartoons

medicalmysterytour:

eclipperton:

Do your guys’ professors use the word “cartoon” to describe a drawing? And is this normal? One of my undergrad professors used to do it too, but I thought it was just him. Now all of my professors do it. Am I the only one that’s like, ‘wtf that’s not a cartoon?’

Not a cartoon:image

A cartoon:image

Yes! I think it’s part of the professor lexicon… because “figure” is too mainstream.

I’ve never heard a professor refer to a illustration as a cartoon. Even when it actually was a cartoon, the professor said “I found this ‘comic’ through google.”

radiologysigns:

Prosthetic heart valves on chest x-ray. How can you reliably tell which is aortic and which is mitral? 

ANSWER: http://goo.gl/AOl935
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afro-dominicano:

Ancient Egyptian Woman with 70 Hair Extensions Discovered

More than 3,300 years ago, in a newly built city in Egypt, a woman with an incredibly elaborate hairstyle of lengthy hair extensions was laid to rest.
She was not mummified, her body simply being wrapped in a mat. When archaeologists uncovered her remains they found she wore “a very complex coiffure with approximately 70 extensions fastened in different layers and heights on the head,” writes Jolanda Bos, an archaeologist working on the Amarna Project, in an article recently published in the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology.
Researchers don’t know her name, age or occupation, but she is one of hundreds of people, including many others whose hairstyles are still intact, who were buried in a cemetery near an ancient city now called Amarna.



She had a weave B.C. Well maintained after all these years. I’m very impressed.
allthecanadianpolitics:

Manitoba donates $100,000 to help fight Ebola crisis in West Africa

The Manitoba government will be providing $100,000 in aid to combat the spread of the Ebola virus in West Africa and to help the people and families who have been afflicted.
Premier Greg Selinger says Manitobans are known for their kindness and generosity in the face of tragedy.

He says those who are afflicted with the virus are isolated from their friends and family in their time of need and Manitoba must do what it can to help.
The World Health Organization has appealed to the world community for additional aid measures and United States President Barak Obama has recently called for an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council to address the growing crisis.
The province is working with the Manitoba Council for International Co-operation to ensure the funding is used to meet the most urgent and immediate needs of the international-aid community working on the front lines of the epidemic.
Groups such as UNICEF, Plan Canada, Save the Children Canada and World Relief Canada, among others who are on the ground in West Africa, will apply for the funding through MCIC in order to direct the resources to the areas that are most in need.
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hand
shoulder
elbow
knee
ankle
etsy:

Eat your heart out. 
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Electrical activity of the Heart
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coffeemuggermd:

When professors get tired (or tenured).

I just took a similar exam. Except minus the Tootsie Rolls.
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neurosciencestuff:

Breast milk is brain food
You are what you eat, the saying goes, and now a study conducted by researchers at UC Santa Barbara and the University of Pittsburgh suggests that the oft-repeated adage applies not just to physical health but to brain power as well.

In a paper published in the early online edition of the journal Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, the researchers compared the fatty acid profiles of breast milk from women in over two dozen countries with how well children from those same countries performed on academic tests.
Their findings show that the amount of omega-3 docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in a mother’s milk — fats found primarily in certain fish, nuts and seeds — is the strongest predictor of test performance. It outweighs national income and the number of dollars spent per pupil in schools.
DHA alone accounted for about 20 percent of the differences in test scores among countries, the researchers found.
On the other hand, the amount of omega-6 fat in mother’s milk — fats that come from vegetable oils such as corn and soybean — predict lower test scores. When the amount of DHA and linoleic acid (LA) — the most common omega-6 fat — were considered together, they explained nearly half of the differences in test scores. In countries where mother’s diets contain more omega-6, the beneficial effects of DHA seem to be reduced.
More omega-3, less omega-6
“Human intelligence has a physical basis in the huge size of our brains — some seven times larger than would be expected for a mammal with our body size,” said Steven Gaulin, UCSB professor of anthropology and co-author of the paper. “Since there is never a free lunch, those big brains need lots of extra building materials — most importantly, they need omega-3 fatty acids, especially DHA. Omega-6 fats, however, undermine the effects of DHA and seem to be bad for brains.”
Both kinds of omega fat must be obtained through diet. But because diets vary from place to place, for their study Gaulin and his co-author, William D. Lassek, M.D., a professor at the University of Pittsburgh’s Graduate School of Public Health and a retired assistant surgeon general, estimated the DHA and LA content — the good fat and the bad fat — in diets in 50 countries by examining published studies of the fatty acid profiles of women’s breast milk.
The profiles are a useful measure for two reasons, according to Gaulin. First, because various kinds of fats interfere with one another in the body, breast milk DHA shows how much of this brain-essential fat survives competition with omega-6. Second, children receive their brain-building fats from their mothers. Breast milk profiles indicate the amount of DHA children in each region receive in the womb, through breastfeeding, and from the local diet available to their mothers and to them after they are weaned.
The academic test results came from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), which administers standardized tests in 58 nations. Gaulin and Lassek averaged the three PISA tests — math, science and reading ability — as their measure of cognitive performance. There were 28 countries for which the researchers found information about both breast milk and test scores.
DHA content: best predictor of math test performance
“Looking at those 28 countries, the DHA content of breast milk was the single best predictor of math test performance,” Gaulin said. The second best indicator was the amount of omega-6, and its effect is opposite. “Considering the benefits of omega-3 and the detriment of omega-6, we can get pretty darn close to explaining half the difference in scores between countries,” he added. When DHA and LA are considered together, he added, they are twice as effective at predicting test scores as either is alone, Gaulin said.
Gaulin and Lassek considered two economic factors as well: per capita gross domestic product (a measure of average wealth in each nation) and per student expenditures on education. “Each of these factors helps explain some of the differences between nations in test scores, but the fatty acid profile of the average mother’s milk in a given country is a better predictor of the average cognitive performance in that country than is either of the conventional socioeconomic measures people use,” said Gaulin.
From their analysis, the researchers conclude that both economic wellbeing and diet make a difference in cognitive test performance, and children are best off when they have both factors in their favor. “But if you had to choose one, you should choose the better diet rather than the better economy,” Gaulin said.
The current research follows a study published in 2008 that showed that the children of women who had larger amounts of gluteofemoral fat “depots” performed better on academic tests than those of mothers with less. “At that time we weren’t trying to identify the dietary cause,” explained Gaulin. “We found that this depot that has been evolutionarily elaborated in women is important to building a good brain. We were content at that time to show that as a way of understanding why the female body is as evolutionarily distinctive as it is.”
Now the researchers are looking at diet as the key to brain-building fat, since mothers need to acquire these fats in the first place.
Their results are particularly interesting in 21st-century North America, Gaulin noted, because our current agribusiness-based diets provide very low levels of DHA — among the lowest in the world. Thanks to two heavily government-subsidized crops — corn and soybeans — the average U.S. diet is heavy in the bad omega-6 fatty acids and far too light on the good omega-3s, Gaulin said.
Wrong kind of polyunsaturated fat
“Back in the 1960s, in the middle of the cardiovascular disease epidemic, people got the idea that saturated fats were bad and polyunsaturated fats were good,” he explained. “That’s one reason margarine became so popular. But the polyunsaturated fats that were increased were the ones with omega-6, not omega-3. So our message is that not only is it advisable to increase omega 3 intake, it’s highly advisable to decrease omega-6 — the very fats that in the 1960s and ’70s we were told we should be eating more of.”
Gaulin added that mayonnaise is, in general, the most omega-6-laden food in the average person’s refrigerator. “If you have too much of one — omega-6 — and too little of the other — omega 3 — you’re going to end up paying a price cognitively,” he said.
The issue is a huge concern for women, Gaulin noted, because “that’s where kids’ brains come from. But it’s important for men as well because they have to take care of the brains their moms gave them.
“Just like a racecar burns up some of its motor oil with every lap, your brain burns up omega-3 and you need to replenish it every day,” he said.
(Image: Stacy Librandi)
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"We Don’t Have Breaks Here."

Me: Dr. RNA, one of our exams is scheduled on a day that the med school is supposedly closed.
Dr. RNA: what do you mean?
Me: the academic calendar says we are closed on that day for break.
Dr. RNA we don’t have breaks here.
Me: Oh… *deletes Winter Break, Spring Break, and Sleep from iCal*

neurosciencestuff:

“Seq-ing” Insights into the Epigenetics of Neuronal Gene Regulation
The epigenetic control of neuronal gene expression patterns has emerged as an underlying regulatory mechanism for neuronal function, identity, and plasticity, in which short- to long-lasting adaptation is required to dynamically respond and process external stimuli. To achieve a comprehensive understanding of the physiology and pathology of the brain, it becomes essential to understand the mechanisms that regulate the epigenome and transcriptome in neurons. Here, we review recent advances in the study of regulated neuronal gene expression, which are dramatically expanding as a result of the development of new and powerful contemporary methodologies, based on next-generation sequencing. This flood of new information has already transformed our understanding of many biological processes and is now driving discoveries elucidating the molecular mechanisms of brain function in cognition, behavior, and disease and may also inform the study of neuronal identity, diversity, and neuronal reprogramming.

Yay! Studying on tumblr!
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cute-pubes:

As I was sitting in the back of the police car, I remembered the countless times my father came home frustrated or humiliated by the cops when he had done nothing wrong. I felt his shame, his anger, and my own feelings of frustration for existing in a world where I have allowed myself to believe that “authority figures” could control my BEING… my ability to BE!
Danièle’s husband, Brian Lucas, who is white, says he believes they were targeted because they are an interracial couple.
Read more here


I’m awaiting the news regarding the impending lawsuit and the officers who will await their own “punishment” which will probably include: continued paid employment, a couple more wrongful arrests, hunting unarmed minority teenagers, and absolutely no repercussions for their actions.
thescienceofstudying:

My candle smells like autumn 😍

I need some sort of pumpkin or pumpkin pie candle to really get me in the mood for fall!
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